When he was seven years old, on the 27 April 1737, he was publicly baptised and given the name of Louis. He knew it, and did not conceal it from his rare petitioners.Louis XIV saw to it that his son's upbringing was quite the opposite of his own. He was baptised on 24 March 1662 at the chapel of the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye and given his father's name of Louis. Louis Auguste would later be crowned Louis XVI of France in May 1774. Louis Joseph died at the age of seven from tuberculosis and was succeeded as Dauphin de France by his four-year-old brother Louis Charles. The Dauphin employed Jules Hardouin Mansart and the office of the Bâtiments du Roi, but most particularly his long-term "house designer" Jean Bérain, head of the Menus Plaisirs, to provide new decors. According to various reports, Marie Louise and Louis were in love, having grown up with each other. Louis, Dauphin of France, died at Fontainebleau on December 20, 1765. Oct 22, 1781 - Jun 4, 1789. 1729. Louis was one of six legitimate children of his parents. Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France was the second child and first son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette, he died at … Louis XIV purchased Meudon for him from the widow of Louvois. As the eldest son of the king, he was a Fils de France. No prince could have been less deserving of such feelings. Among POLITICIANS In France Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France Louis Joseph Xavier François (22 October 1781 – 4 June 1789) was Dauphin of France as the second child and first son of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. As the heir apparent to the French throne, he was called the Dauphin. Louis Joseph Xavier François de France, son of King Louis XVI of France and his wife Queen Marie Antoinette, was born at the Palace of Versailles. Louis Auguste would later be crowned Louis XVI of France in May 1774. As he died before his father, he never became king. However, Louis XIV decided to use Marie Louise to forge a link with Spain and forced her to marry the invalid Charles II of Spain, the Dauphin's own half-uncle. Louis, Dauphin of France, was born at the Palace of Versailles in Paris, France on the 4 September 1729. Louis, Dauphin of France, died at Fontainebleau on December 20, 1765.He had tuberculosis and was 36 years old at the time of his death. His mother was Marie Josephe of Saxony.His parents liked his older brother more than Louis and were upset when Louis's brother died … As the daughter of a King of France, she was a Fille de France until her death in 1787.. He had tuberculosis and was 36 years old at the time of his death. Besides his unnamed child with Mme de Choin, Louis had two illegitimate daughters with Françoise Pitel:[7][8], With another mistress, Marie Anne Caumont de La Force, he had one daughter:[8]. Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France. He received Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier, as his governor and was tutored by Jacques Bénigne Bossuet, Bishop of Meaux, the great French preacher and orator, without positive result: Louis XIV secretly nursed the same suspicious jealousy of the Grand Dauphin that Louis XIII had once shown to himself. His wife died on the 22 July 1746 a few days after giving birth to her daughter. It was said that when Louis was an adult, he could pass a whole day simply tapping his cane against his foot in an armchair. The Dauphine died in 1690 and in 1695 Louis secretly married his lover Marie Émilie de Joly de Choin. Biography. As the heir apparent to the throne, he was the Dauphin of France. As his father was still King, Louis was never crowned king. From his mother, Louis had rights and claims to the Spanish throne. Louis's paternal grandparents were Louis XIII of France and Anne of Austria; he was descended, on his mother's side, from Philip IV of Spain and Élisabeth of France. They had two more daughters Marie Clotilde of France (b.1959-d.1802) and Elisabeth of France (b.1764-d.1794). Although he was permitted at first to attend and later to participate in the Conseil d'en haut, Louis did not play an important part in French politics. Stillborn daughter (9 March 1752). Louis (1 November 1661 – 14 April 1711) was Dauphin of France (heir apparent to the throne) as the eldest son of King Louis XIV and his spouse, Maria Theresa of Spain. Louis XIII and Élisabeth de Bourbon were siblings (the children of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici), as were Anne of Austria and Philip IV, who were the children of Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria. Louis died of smallpox on 11 April 1711, at the age of 49, predeceasing his father. Anne Louise de Bourbon (1695 – August 1716) – wife of Anne Errard d'Avaugour; Charlotte de Fleury (6 February 1697 – 1750) – wife of Gérard Michel de La Jonchère. Apart from the minor political role he played during his father's reign, Louis engaged in more leisurely pursuits and was esteemed for his magnificent collection of art at Versailles and Meudon. Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the elder and only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska. Upon his death, his eldest son Louis-Auguste became Dauphin of France. He was their third son and the second to hold the titles Dauphin of Viennois and Duke of Guyenne, inheriting them in 1401, at the death of his older brother, Charles. Biography They were married by proxy in Munich on 28 January 1680; the couple met for the first time on 7 March 1680 in Châlons-sur-Marne. Louis Joseph of France, Duke of Burgundy was born on the 13 September 1751 and died when he was almost ten years old in March 1761. His godparents were the Dowager Duchess of Bourbon, widow of Louis III and Louis, Duke of Orleans. He had three older sisters; and a younger brother, Philippe who died young. There Louis succeeded, under the tutelage of Marshal de Duras and Vauban, in taking one of the bridgeheads across the Rhine, Philippsburg, which was surrounded by marshes. In order to improve the chances of a Bourbon succession, Louis gave up his (and his eldest son's) rights in favour of his second son, Philip, Duke of Anjou (later Philip V of Spain), who, as second son, was not expected to succeed to the French throne, thus keeping France and Spain separate. That means that he had only four great grandparents instead of the usual eight, and that his parents had the same coefficient of coancestry (1/8) as if they were half-siblings. His uncle, the future. Louis' capture of Philippsburg prevented the large gathering Imperial army from crossing the Rhine and invading Alsace. Louis-Charles, Duke of Normandy, was the second son of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI and born on 27 March 1785 at Versailles. The best way for Monseigneur to do someone an injury was to commend him to the royal favour. That virtue is hereditary. Sophie Helena Beatrice of France (Sophie Hélène Béatrix, 9 July 1786 – 19 June 1787) was a French princess, the second daughter and last child of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette.She was styled as Madame Sophie at birth. Louis Joseph of France, Duke of Burgundy (13 September 1751 – 22 March 1761), died in childhood. Louis Joseph de France (Louis Joseph Xavier François; 22 October 1781 – 4 June 1789) was the second child and first son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. ", Gabrielle Angelique, Duchess of La Valette and Epernon, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 18:12. All his life he remained petrified with admiration of his formidable father and stood in fear of him even while lavish proofs of 'affection' were showered upon him. To provide an heir to the French throne, Louis was obligated to remarry as quickly as possible and his second wife was Maria Josepha of Saxony, the daughter of Frederick Augustus II, of Prince-Elector of Saxony and King of Poland. As his father was still King, Louis was never crowned king. These three made up the main part of the Cabal de Meudon which opposed the Dauphin's son Louis and his Savoyard wife, the Duchess of Burgundy. Legend has it that a prophecy told at his birth[citation needed] said that Louis would be "son of a king, father of a king, but never a king". He lived quietly at Meudon for the remainder of his life surrounded by his two half-sisters Marie Anne de Bourbon and the Princess of Condé, both of whom he loved dearly. On June 8, 1795, their son, the Dauphin and the boy royalists had … English: Louis Joseph Xavier Francois, Dauphin of France (October 22, 1781–June 4, 1789) was the second child and first son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette of Austria. He had a younger brother, Philippe, who died as a toddler. As the eldest son an heir apparent, he wis Dauphin o Fraunce. The Duke of Chatillon was appointed his governor, the Count of Muy, under-governor and Jean-Francois Boyer became the preceptor. As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France. As a Fils de France ("Son of France") he was entitled to the style of Royal Highness. Before leaving the court, Louis was thus instructed by his father: In sending you to command my army, I am giving you an opportunity to make known your merit; go and show it to all Europe, so that when I come to die it will not be noticed that the King is dead. Louis, Duke of Burgundy (16 August 1682 – 18 February 1712), was the eldest son of Louis, Grand Dauphin, and grandson of the reigning French monarch, King Louis XIV.He was known as the "Petit Dauphin" to distinguish him from his father, until the latter died in April 1711. When Louis reached the age of seven, he was removed from the care of women and placed in the society of men. Louis was born on 1 November 1661 at the Château de Fontainebleau, the eldest son of Louis XIV of France and Maria Theresa of Austria (who were double first-cousins to each other). Louis-Ferdinand de France, [1] [2] Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the only son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Maria Leszczyńska, to reach adulthood. Louis Joseph, Dauphin o Fraunce, Son o Fraunce (Louis Joseph Xavier François; 22 October 1781 – 4 Juin 1789) wis the second child and elder son o Keeng Louis XVI o Fraunce an Marie Antoinette. Pregnant at the time of her marriage, de Choin gave birth to a son, who was secretly sent to the countryside; the child died aged two, in 1697, without having been publicly named.[6]. Louis, Dauphin of France (son of Louis XIV) Louis (1 November 1661 – 14 April 1711) was Dauphin of France ( heir apparent to the throne) as the eldest son of King Louis XIV and his spouse, Maria Theresa of Spain. The new-born was the long-awaited Dauphin Prince, Dauphin. Louise Émilie de Vautedard (1694–1719) – wife of, Tricoire, Damien. "Attacking the Monarchy’s Sacrality in Late Seventeenth-Century France: The Underground Literature against Louis XIV, Jansenism and the Dauphin’s Court Faction. However, he died … Louis XIV, too, had a low opinion of his son: Alive especially to political considerations, the King considered various European royal daughters as possible wives for his heir, such as Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, Louis' own cousin Marie Louise d'Orléans, daughter of Philippe, Duke of Orléans, and Princess Henrietta of England. I shall not compliment you because you are brave. This was thought to be fulfilled as he was the son of Louis XIV of France and father of Philip V of Spain, but did not himself become king. Nonetheless, she was a very cultured princess, and made initially a good impression upon her arrival as she was able to speak French fluently. 79 likes. After two stillborn sons (1748 and 1749), the couple had a daughter, Marie Zephyrine (b.1750-d.1755). He had a younger brother who died before his third birthday. Instead of a devoted mother and an affectionate and likeable tutor, the Dauphin had the repellent and misanthropic Duc de Montausier, who ruthlessly applied the same methods that had so disturbed Louis XIII. The marriage was a happy one, and the couple had one child, a daughter Princess Marie Therese of France (b.1746-d.1748). The others all died in early childhood; the second longest-lived, Marie Thérèse of France, died at the age of five when Louis was 11. His uncle Charles II of Spain had produced no descendants and, as he lay dying, had no heir to whom he could pass the throne. Louis, Dauphin of France, married Maria Teresa Rafaela, the daughter of King Philip V of Spain on the 13 December 1744. Moreover, in the discussions in the Conseil d'en haut regarding the French response to Charles II's last will and testament, which did indeed leave all Spanish possessions to Anjou, Louis persuasively argued for acceptance. Louis Joseph de France was the second child and first son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. He became known as the Grand Dauphin after the birth of his own son, Louis, Duke of Burgundy, the Petit Dauphin. He was baptized the same day as his older brother, Louis-Joseph, and because Louis-Joseph was Dauphin, Louis-Charles’s course in life was set so that “he might do ‘that which was right in the sight of the Lord. Philip was the first Bourbon king of Spain, the country's present ruling house. He wis named in honour o his maternal uncle, Joseph II, Haly Roman Emperor. Charles X of France was born on the 9 October 1757, married Princess Marie Therese of Savoy and died on the 6 November 1836. In February 1712, his wife contracted measles and died on the 12th of that month. It was for this occasion that Jean-Baptiste Lully composed the motet Plaude Laetare Gallia. The marriage took place by proxy in Dreson on the 10 January 1747 and in person at Versailles, Paris on the 9 February 1747. He was the father of three kings of France, Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X. Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France, the diurnal South-eastern quadrant, consisting of the 10th, 11th and 12th houses, prevails in your chart: assertion and goals achievement are at the centre of your concerns. Louis married Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria on 7 March 1680. Bossuet overwhelmed his backward pupil with such splendid lessons that the Dauphin developed a lasting horror of books, learning and history. Louis XVI was executed on January 21, 1793; Marie followed 10 months later, on October 16. Louis became Dauphin of France upon the death of his father in 1711. By the age of eighteen, Monseigneur had assimilated almost none of the knowledge amassed to so little purpose, and the apathy of his mind was second only to that of his senses.[2]. 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