His grandson became Louis XV of France To which Sanson is supposed to have said, “If kings, emperors, and dictators can sleep well, why shouldn’t an executioner?”. This portrait is laughably identified on Wikipedia as a French revolutionary named “Louis-Benoit-Zamor” whom was kidnapped from Bangladesh and then sold to Louis XV of France (a bogus lie that cannot be substantiated by any first hand historical record) Having outlawed Catholicism throughout France, he instated a national Deistic religion with himself as high priest. While he was walking toward his carriage, a strange man suddenly shoved past the palace guards, striking the king in the chest with a penknife. In 1770 he married Austrian archduchess Marie Antoinette, the daughter of Maria Theresa and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. However, he accepted bad advice from the nobility's hard-line conservatives and his wife, Marie Antoinette. It was not, however, the world in which he would die. When the pressure mounted, Louis XVI reverted to his earlier teaching of being austere and uncommunicative, posing no solution to the problem and not responding to others who offered help. Termed “The Terror” by its architects, it was, Robespierre claimed, “nothing but justice, prompt, severe, inflexible.”. A victim of the same speedy justice he had inspired, Robespierre was accused of believing himself to be the messiah and arrested. The guillotine, too, had achieved a popularity never before seen among execution methods (with the exception, of course, of the Christian cross). Replete with wild Indians, river pirates, the kidnapped son of King Louis XVI, the lost colony of Roanoke, and much more. In May 1789, Louis XVI convened the Estates General to address the fiscal crisis, an advisory assembly of different estates or socio-economic classes (the clergy, the nobility and the commoners). After the death of his father, Louis Charles was the uncrowned King of France, Louis XVII. At age 15 (in May 1770), Louis married the 14 year-old Habsburg Archduchess Maria Antonia (Marie Antoinette), his second cousin once removed, in an arranged marriage. Mechanically-minded and fond of building his own locks, the king approved the device but recommended changing the shape of the blade from a flat, cleaver design to a sloping edge to better distribute the weight. His wife, Marie Antoinette, met the same fate nine months later, on October 16, 1793. Eventually, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette had four children together: Marie-Thérèse, Louis-Joseph, Louis-Charles and Sophie-Beatrix. Which he did, and for no less than 72 years. He abdicated the throne in order to marry his lover, Wallis Simpson, thereafter taking the title Duke of Windsor. Rate. The monarchy was abolished on September 21, 1792; later Louis and his queen consort, Marie-Antoinette, were guillotined on charges of counterrevolution. A few weeks later, plagued by guilt and disturbed by the recent September Massacres of more than 1,000 prisoners who radical revolutionaries feared might aid royalist forces in a counterrevolution, Sanson offered up his resignation to the new authorities. His mother never recovered from the family tragedies and also succumbed to tuberculosis on March 13, 1767. But the people of France did not seem happier. The measure came one year after King Louis XVI reluctantly approved a … The king offered his last words, “You see your king is willing to die for you. On July 14, riots broke out in Paris and crowds stormed the Bastille prison in a show of defiance toward the King. The royal family was forcibly transferred from Versailles to Paris on October 6, 1789. On May 10, 1774, Louis Auguste became Louis XVI upon the death of his grandfather, Louis XV. Children took to killing rats with “toy” guillotines and the device began appearing on buttons, brooches, and necklaces. At the same time as the grim realities of the Terror became a facet of everyday life, the already infamous Charles-Henri Sanson suddenly found himself elevated to a new status. Not much is known of Charles-Henri Sanson’s retirement. We strive for accuracy and fairness. The future Louis XVI was born at Versailles in August 1754. S1, Ep15. The reality of royal government, however, was somewhat different. After this look at Charles-Henri Sanson, discover the story of British hangman Albert Pierrepoint, the executioner who took more than 400 lives. She was the youngest daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and Empress Maria Theresa. In August 1792, the royal couple was arrested by the sans-cullottes and imprisoned, and in September the monarchy was abolished by the National Convention (which had replaced the National Assembly). On Aug. 27, 1792, shortly after the collapse of the monarchy, his son Gabriel fell to his death from the scaffold while displaying a severed head. After the civil war known as the Fronde forced a … Named Louis Auguste de France, he was given the title Duc de Berry signifying his junior status in the French Court. Then, on December 20, 1765, his father died of tuberculosis, and Louis Auguste became Dauphin at age 11. Skeptical that executioners across the country would be able to consistently carry out the punishment, Sanson became an early supporter of Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin’s proposed decapitation machine. At church, they were given their own pew, and it was not uncommon for people to spit as the executioner walked by (though perhaps more out of superstition than disgust). Louis XVI’s policy of not raising taxes and taking out international loans, including to fund the American Revolution, increased France’s debt, setting in motion the French Revolution. On April 25, 1792, the guillotine claimed its first victim: Nicolas-Jacques Pelletier, a highwayman who is reported to have been horrified by the strange new device. 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