The primary goal of Spartan education was to produce good soldiers. Tactics are also a vague sort of topic. In pitched battle, the army formed a single phalanx of 10,000 men, a kilometre wide, eight ranks deep, protected by a wall of overlapping shields with a hedge of spear-blades projecting above. The eponymous heroes were the patrons of the 10 Athenian tribes and the notice or call for these men to join the army would be attached to the monument base of these eponymous heroes in the Athenian agora. Members. The same people could become strategos year after year, unlike as in many other Greek cities. Plutarch mentions that Lycurgus (literally \"wolf-worker\") wrote the laws in order to make the city state of Sparta invincible, the Spartans fearless and law-abiding. The boys were also taught how to play the lyre, sing, and do arithmetic. Those that passed became members of the Spartan military, and lived in barracks with the other soldiers. All Athenian boys were expected to read heavily, however, as literature played a very important part in their education. Training for the military began at age 7, … This chapter is a fairly comprehensive account of the military forces of the Athenian democracy, and will likely be the most useful section of the book as a scholarly resource. Athens military training: in Athens boys were sent to school to learn reading, writing, math, and other things from the age of 6 to 17. By the age of 20, after several years of additional training after finishing the agoge at about age 16, a Spartan man was deemed ready to become part of the standing army of Spartan citizen soldiers. At age 30, they became full citizens of Sparta, provided they had served honorably. The Athenian Army. Respect II. Other than requiring two years of military training that began at age 18, the state left parents to educate their sons as they saw fit. A generation after the establishment of democracy Athens became such a power under the influence of Themistokles. Barry Williams—Getty Images. Encyclopedia Research. Athenian Hoplite of the Persian Wars. During the Persian wars Athens developed a large, powerful navy in the eastern Mediterranean that destroyed the even larger Persian Navy at the Battle of Salamis. Indoctrination into this lifestyle began early. Young Athenian boys were tutored at home until the age of six or seven, and then they were sent to neighborhood schools for primary education until they were 14 years of age. Training for the military began at age 7, as all Spartan boys left home to go to military school. In ancient Athens, the purpose of education was to produce citizens trained in the arts, to prepare citizens for both peace and war. From then until the time they were 18, they were subject to harsh training and discipline. The officer must ensure all the men are within a discord call. The Athenians prided themselves with their art, philosophers, and poetry, but did have a strong military to protect and expand their city-state. (1) The Athenian Trireme. B: shows a hoplite, which is the name for Greek soldiers, both Athens and Sparta had this type of soldier. Group Links III. The Spartan military was universally disliked, but they were also universally respected. Ancient Athenian society was very different from Spartan society. A. Spartan children had military training and studied foreign languages, whereas athenian children were encouraged in civic participation and religion. Pride III. There they learned gymnastics, wrestling, and did calisthenics. He would live in the barracks with his fellow soldiers and could be called to war at any time by the Spartan state. Athens and Sparta were the most powerful empire and city-states in Greece 2,500 years ago. In Athens, the military was just one part of society. At the age of 30, they were allowed to live with their families but continued to train until the age of 60 when they retired from military service. This gave the Athenian fleets an advantage in training over the less professional fleets of its rivals. Source: plaza.ufl.edu. Athens still had a large army, but unlike Sparta it didn't concentrate only just on military. Throughout their adolescent and teenage years, Spartan boys were required to become proficient in all manner of military activities. led many to attribute Athenian military success to their political system. The Athenian army was no match for the size and effectiveness of the Spartan army, but what they lacked on land, they made up for at sea, with an innovation that completely changed the face of naval warfare and would make Athens the dominant naval power for a century or more. military training. Other than requiring two years of military training that began at age 18, the state left parents to educate their sons as they saw fit. The primary goal of Spartan education was to produce good soldiers. Discord Requirement II. Athens. Spartan boys started their military training at age 7, when they left home and entered the Agoge. Important Trellos II. Boys from families that could afford it continued to remain in school for four more years. Ephebus, in ancient Greece, any male who had attained the age of puberty.In Athens it acquired a technical sense, referring to young men aged 18–20. They were taught boxing, swimming, wrestling, javelin-throwing, and discus-throwing. Over 24,000 soldiers every year go through U.S. Army basic training at Fort Benning. In Athens military training was only 2 years long, once boys turned 20 they graduated military school. INFOMATION _____ I. Any training that Athenian children received in reading, writing, literature, music, etc. The Spartans had the only standing army of the period and this was regimented and drilled to a degree not seen elsewhere. Get an answer to your question “How did the Spartan emphasis on military training differ from Athenian ideas on how to train young men? The fleet was made up of triremes, wooden warships that carried 170 rowers manning three banks of oars. read more. In fact, the distinctive approaches that Sparta and Athens took to combat embraced a wide range of tactics, only a few of which were tied to their traditional divide at the shoreline. Education & Military Training The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. In the manner of neighboring city-states the backbone of the Athenian military on land was the hoplite. NEED HELP ASAP DUE 11:30PM ! At a Glance. I. After the two years of training, only two years of service was rquired and after his service he only had to serve again if called into battle. The problem was that this gave more power in the hands of the strategos, but it also made sure that policy of the city did remained consistent. The concept was that a soldier must learn stealth and cunning. In Sparta, conquest was used to get resources, while in Athens they used trade to get what they needed. Sparta Spartan soldiers. Athenian Hoplite of the Persian Wars. But even a trained and well-drilled army with bad morale can be crushed by spirited amateurs. The remainder of the book is a series of shorter chapters on particular topics related to the Athenian … 13. One of the most major difference was military. Appearance. Historical accounts tell of Spartan boys as being allowed no shoes, very few clothes, and being taught to take pride in enduring pain and hardship.(1). The Athenian Navy. Agariste was the great-granddaughter of the tyrant o… DOCUMENTS 2- Ancient Athenian and Spartan Military A: shows an Ancient Greek military fighting style called the phalanx , both Athens and Sparta used this fighting style. The training session is the latest sign that the U.S. military is expanding its presence in Greece, which U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo recently called a “critical ally” in the region. The remainder of the book is a series of shorter chapters on particular topics related to the Athenian democracy and war. In the early stages of Greek Warfare in the Archaic period, training was haphazard and even weapons could be makeshift, although soldiers were usually paid, if only so that they could meet their daily needs.There were no uniforms or insignia and as soon as the conflict was over the soldiers would return to their farms. By the time the young Athenian males turned 18, they would give their oath to the Gods of the City, and join the city's army for a two full years of basic training. Athens had a democracy and trade while Sparta was a military state and its focus was training the people for war. ...” in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. ...” in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. The entire citizen body was divided into 10 tribes, with one hero for each tribe. Such was the reputation of the Spartans army that scholars and tacticians in the present day still keenly study the battles and training methods of this army in universities and military academies around the world. After going over the basics described previously, which is basically a warmup. It was a law-package with politico-military, economic and social reforms. At a Glance. Motivation and aggression were often quite high! The Athenian soldiers were required to serve two years, and from then on they could still be called upon to fight, but of course they wouldn't be regularly training anymore. III.5.15, 12.5; cf. Completion of Recruitment/Training Chapter II Officer Manual--- Section I Morals. 1 Forces 1.1 Infantry 1.2 Cavalry 1.3 Navy 2 References 3 Sources The mainstay of the Athenian army, like practically all Greek armies, was the heavy armed infantry soldier, the hoplite. Unlike their Athenian counterparts, Spartan girls also went to school at age seven. he was elligble until the age of 60. These schools were similar in many ways to the schools Spartan boys attended, as it was the Spartan opinion that strong women produced strong babies, which would then grow into strong soldiers to serve the state.(1). Question Eight: The education of a Spartan boy and an Athenian Boy were greatly different. 1 See answer nayday27 is waiting for your help. They were trained to harden themselves to the elements. The key passage against Athenian military training, often quoted, is Xen., Mem., Ill, 12. Just so, what is not required for a citizen of Athens? Related Questions. The military of Sparta was huge and the best of all but the Athens military was a simple but strong military, the young boy started to train at the age of 7 but the Athenians went to the army at the age of 18, the Spartans kept on the army up until 60 years old but the Athenians just started to … Other than requiring two years of military training that began at age 18, the state left parents to educate their sons as they saw fit. (1), At age 14, poorer boys usually stopped going to school and began apprenticeships at a trade. These schools were usually private schools, but tuition costs were low enough that even most poor Athenians could afford to send their boys to school for at least a few years. Although many historians dispute that Lycurgus ever actually existed as a hum… At age 18, regardless of social status, all Athenian boys were required to attend military school for two years, after which they were free to live out their lives as they saw fit. The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. Sadly, due to their focus on arts and literature over combat, the Athenian army was not the biggest or the strongest. Boys would continue to go to a school until the age of 14, and then would either go to a higher educational school in philosophy or take military training in the army or navy. In other city-states, there was a ... Athens, by far, had the best navy of all of the ancient Greek city-states. Athens army was a part time army, it was made up of part time soldiers who had to buy and supply their own equipment, because they all had other jobs they spent much less time training and as they brought their own equipment the standards between men varied greatly. The main warships of the fleet were the triremes. Shield design: either individually chosen or representing clan, neighbourhood, or tribe ; Clothing and Jewellery. But what of the Athenian who had completed his ephebic training and faced his further incredible forty years of military service ? COMPLETION OF RECRUITMENT After the youth has completed and passed the tryout. They are to send a pending request to the army and purchase the uniform. When starting the training, the officer hosting it must review with the Athenians: terms, commands, faces, and war chants learned in previous training to ensure maximum efficiency when it comes to enacting sed things. The national epic poems, Homer's Illiad and Odyssey, were mandatory teaching in all Athenian elementary schools. Appearance. Culture during the rise of Athens . Pericles' mother, Agariste, a scion of the powerful and controversial noble family of the Alcmaeonidae, and her familial connections played a crucial role in starting Xanthippus' political career. Athens government didn't have a high value on their military like Sparta did because Athenian boys only started training at the age of eighteen and training only lasted for two years. Athenian Education & Military Training The primary purpose of Athenian education was to produce thinkers, people well-trained in arts and sciences, people prepared for peace or war. Accompanying every hoplite was a lightly armed attendant, either a poor citizen who could not afford a regular suit of armor (panoplia), or possibly a trusted slave.These attendants carried the hoplite's shield until the battle and most of the baggage. From about 335 bc they underwent two years of military training under the supervision of an elected kosmetes and 10 sōphronistai (“chasteners”). Athenian Military Handbook Description. Sparta specialized in land conflict, and it was considered widely as the best and leading force of the Greek army. From the very beginning, the Athenians were compelled to fight for their new democracy. By Steele Brand September 20, 2019 11:00 AM EDT O … In pitched battle, the army formed a single phalanx of 10,000 men, a kilometre wide, eight ranks deep, protected by a wall of overlapping shields with a hedge of spear-blades projecting above. Wikipedia: Athenian military. 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