In 1921, during the Russian Civil War, Leon Trotsky was head of the Red Army when it crushed a sailors rebellion in Kronstadt. Leon Trotsky was a Communist theorist, prolific writer, leader in the 1917 Russian Revolution, the people's commissar for foreign affairs under Lenin (1917-1918), and then head of the Red Army as the people's commissar of army and navy affairs (1918-1924). Leon Trotsky (1879-1940) born Lev Davidovich Bronstein, was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary and Marxist theorist.Before the Revolution he mostly hung about in exile in Siberia, part of a political group known as the Mensheviks, who opposed Lenin and his theories that a revolution could be forced (this went against traditional Marxist ideology). The two paramount leaders are Vladimir Ilyich Lenin and Leon Trotsky.Lenin is the head of the Bolshevik Party and Trotsky is a former Menshevik who comes over to the Bolsheviks during the Russian Revolution. Second, only to Lenin, Trotsky was a key figure in the Russian civil war and the formative years of the Soviet Union. Trotskyism is the political ideology and branch of Marxism developed by Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky.Trotsky self-identified as an orthodox Marxist and Bolshevik–Leninist.He supported founding a vanguard party of the proletariat, proletarian internationalism and a dictatorship of the proletariat based on working class self-emancipation and mass democracy. The reason for that was that he continued to defend the genuine ideas of Bolshevism, which were a direct threat to the privileges and power that the bureaucracy had acquired in the course of the 1920s. April 6, 1918 Central to the performance of the Red Army was the institution of military commissars. Leon Trotsky was a great Marxist and one of the outstanding figures of the 20th century. Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1927 and exiled to Turkey in 1929. Leon Trotsky The History of the Russian Revolution Volume One: The Overthrow of Tzarism. Need essay writing help? Principal focus: Through the study of Leon Trotsky, students gain an understanding of the role of this personality in a period of national or international history. After Lenin’s death, Trotsky was outmanoeuvred by Stalin, and he was expelled from the Communist party and […] Indeed, Trotsky explained that due to the weakness of the Russian bourgeoisie and its dependence on the Tsar, the leading role in the revolution would necessarily fall to the working class. He and his wife, Natalia Sedova, later moved to France and then to Norway. Leon Trotsky was a leading Marxist revolutionary of the first half of the 20th century. In December 1936 Trotsky, now 56, and Natalia were put on a freighter to cross the Atlantic to Mexico. Trotsky initially supported the Menshevik Internationalists faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. The killer—Ramón Mercader—was a Spanish communist and probable agent of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. Via History.com Exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky is fatally wounded by an ice-ax-wielding assassin at his compound outside Mexico City. Leon Trotsky’s vast impact and contribution to Russian/Soviet history is made through his strong ideologies, organization and leadership. Trotsky was a Marxist revolutionary who played a leading role in the 1905 Revolution, in the eventual Communist Revolution of October 1917, and in the Russian Civil War. He is famous for playing leading roles in the Russian revolutions of 1905 and 1917, and for organising the Red Army during the ensuing Russian Civil War.. Leon Trotsky was a Marxist revolutionary and theorist, Soviet politician, and the founder and first leader of the Red Army. Leon Trotsky, On Military Commissars and Members of Military Councils. Publisher Foreword. The Stalinist bureaucracy in the Soviet Union falsified the role Trotsky had played in the Russian Revolution. Leon Trotsky was born Lev Davidovich Bronstein to David Leontyevich Bronstein (1847-1922) and Anna Lvovna (née Zhivotovskaya, 1850-1910) on 7 November 1879, the fifth child of a Ukrainian-Jewish family of wealthy farmers in Yanovka or Yanivka, in the Kherson governorate of the Russian Empire (now Bereslavka, in Ukraine), a small village 24 kilometres (15 mi) from the nearest post office. Students learn to: • ask relevant historical questions • locate, select and organise information from different types of sources, including ICT, to describe and analyse relevant features and issues The successful consolidation of Communism in Soviet Russia from the period of 1917 to 1928 can be largely attributed to the masterful orator and intellectual that was Leon Trotsky. The killer—Ramón Mercader—was a Spanish communist and … Trotsky became Commissar for War in the Bolshevik government in March 1918. The purpose of this web site is to provide an overall view of the ideas and struggles of Leon Trotsky. Trotsky played a leading role, together with Lenin, during the 1917 Russian Revolution. As a young man he played a leading role in the Russian Revolution of 1905, when at the age of 26 he was the president of the Petersburg Soviet. Their role in rela… Ideologically a communist, he developed a variant of Marxism known as Trotskyism. It was introduced in Results and Prospects, which was published in 1906, and more fully developed in The Permanent Revolution, published in 1930.Trotsky’s theory drew on his observations of experiences in the Russian revolution of 1905, in which he played a leading role. The underdevelopment of the Russian economy would not prevent the working class from seizing power and then initiating a socialist transformation of society. Born in the Ukraine of Russian-Jewish parents in 1879, Trotsky embraced Marxism as… While Lenin is undisputed political leader, Trotsky is a close partner, leading the Petrograd Soviet and its Military-Revolutionary Committee. Trotsky died from his wounds the next day. Exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky is fatally wounded by an ice-ax-wielding assassin at his compound outside Mexico City. He joined the Bolsheviks immediately prior to the 1917 October Revolution, and eventually became a leader within the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. When looking at these quotes, try and identify what parts of the Modern History syllabus they fall under and how they could help you answer an essay question. Peruse the excellent free History essay about Leon Trotsky now or place an order for a unique paper at EssaysExperts.com It was Trotsky who organised the Red Army as well as the fightback against all the forces of reaction that were attempting to strangle the revolution in blood. 1917: The October Revolution is a success. Trotsky’s texts, together with the main documents of the first four congresses of the Communist International, should be read and studied carefully by all workers and youth who are seeking a revolutionary way out of the present crisis of capitalism, as they are full of deep insights on the flow of history itself. Leon Trotsky 's Influence On The Soviet Revolution 1496 Words | 6 Pages. Leon Trotsky’s theory of Permanent Revolution is one of his most important theoretical contributions. Leon Trotsky (Russian: Лeв Давидович Трóцкий), born Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Russian: Лeв Давидович Бронштéйн) (1879-1940), pronounced (traht'-skee) was a leader with Vladimir Lenin in the Bolshevik October Revolution in Russia in 1917. Leon Trotsky (1879-1940) was a Russian Marxist and leading figure in the Russian Revolution of 1917. Translated by Max Eastman, 1932 Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 8083994 ISBN 0913460834. As I studied Leon Trotsky, I have compiled a collection of 6 great historians and a few quotes that are worth your time to learn so you can be on the way to a Band 6 response. Transcribed for the World Wide Web by John Gowland (Australia), Alphanos Pangas (Greece) and David Walters (United States), 1997 through 2000, re-proofed 2018 as per eBook 26 October] 1879 – 21 August 1940), better known as Leon Trotsky, was a Ukrainian revolutionary, political theorist and politician. 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